Creating Forward Impulsion

                 Words of Wisdom from Nuno Oliveira


"Proceed so that the horse finds himself willingly into the exercise, and not by force."N.Oliveira (1998, 17).

"Never use force except if the horse sucks back."
N.Oliveira (1998, 17).

"Look for the purity of the three gaits. The rest will follow easily."N.Oliveira (1998, 17).

"Make it a habit to praise when the horse yields."N.Oliveira (1998, 17).

"Try to awaken curiosity by the tenderness of your aids."N.Oliveira (1998, 36).

"When riders give excessive aids, it is often because they apply to aids too late instead of at the right moment."N.Oliveira (1998, 36).

"Impulsion is a mental and physical state of the horse to obey the rider's demands as fast as possible, to move forward, and to maintain his forward impulsion without support from the aids."N.Oliveira (1998, 39).

"A horse who is endowed with impulsion is one who maintains the same posture, the same cadence, and the same amount of energy in the demanded gait without being "carried" by the rider."N.Oliveira (1998, 39).

"Impulsion means a small vibration in the horse, not running. However, in certain horses who are little inclined to be given impulsion, it is necessary to drive and sometimes even to speed up a little bit."N.Oliveira (1998, 39).

"Impulsion means to maintain the energy within the cadence."N.Oliveira (1998, 39).

"The more one reduces the extension and speed of the gait, the more surely one increases the impulsion."N.Oliveira (1998, 39).

"As long as the horse goes forward, he does not have time to think of evasions."N.Oliveira (1998, 40).

"The difficulty is to maintain impulsion without force."N.Oliveira (1998, 40).

"No impulsion without cadence and no cadence without impulsion."N.Oliveira (1998, 40).

"A cadenced horse is not a sleepy horse. It is a horse on whom one can rest, but who remains powerful."N.Oliveira (1998, 40).

"In order to achieve cadence, you impart good impulsion, and then you are as little active as possible. Now the horse will cadence himself."N.Oliveira (1998, 41).

"It is very important to maintain a regular cadence. Without it the horse cannot be calm, because his breathing rhythm is constantly interrupted."N.Oliveira (1998, 41).

"Without cadence there is no useful riding."N.Oliveira (1998, 41).

"Every time the rider forgets to regulate the cadence, the horse begins to take control."N.Oliveira (1998, 41).

"The horse will become supple when it is cadenced, stiff when it rushes."N.Oliveira (1998, 41).

"The good trot cadence is the one in which the horse is the most supple, the most relaxed, and the lightest."N.Oliveira (1998, 41).

"Poll flexion has to be proportionate to the degree of activity of the hindquarters and inversely proportionate to the speed."N.Oliveira (1998, 41).

"It is a mistake to keep the horse on the bit for too long. He must be relaxed at the walk on the long rein regularly and afterwards he must be carefully put back together again."N.Oliveira (1998, 42).

"The horse must seek the contact by impulsion and the use of the hindquarters."N.Oliveira (1998, 42).

"Putting the horse on the bit means:
feeling that the poll flexes,
the back rises, 
the haunches become active."N.Oliveira (1998, 42f.).

"The relaxation of the mouth alone is not enough. It can be deceptive, because it does not necessarily lead to lightness. It has to be accompanied by the relaxation of the entire horse. When he relaxes the back, it will definitely have repercussions in the mouth."N.Oliveira (1998, 43).

"Lightness is the consequence of impulsion and collection."N.Oliveira (1998, 43).